Unknown Risk Factors

The following are factors for which there is not enough evidence or the evidence is inconclusive. In other words, it can't be determined for sure whether these risk factors are or are not associated with testicular cancer.

  • low or high birth weight
  • diet
  • environmental factors

It is not known if exposure to the following is associated with testicular cancer:

  • petroleum products
  • preservatives
  • naturally occurring toxins like mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA)
  • viral infections – including infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

 Content Courtesy of Canadian Cancer Society